The role of a project manager
A project manager is the person who keeps all the elements of a project together. He is the “man in charge” of the project and must take responsibility as the project leader.
In order to be a good leader, the PM must possess good communication skills, always be prepared and organized, play well with team members, and have the ability to build and motivate a team. The PM should not be afraid to take calculated risks, always be there for his team, be solution oriented, and able to understand the requirements and expectations of the stakeholders. Being the person in charge for a project’s success, the PM must look after every aspect of a project, including but not limited to the following:
|Crafting an effective project management plan and improving it as necessary to guarantee currency,consistency and applicability.|
|Keeping the different variables of a project such as cost, schedule, scope, and deliverables on track.|
|Managing risk and offering regular and accurate reports about project status/metrics.|
|Managing the needs and expectations of the stakeholders.|
If possible, the Project Manager should be allotted to a project early on in the project life cycle to help with the development of the project charter, planning the paperwork, and assembling the right team for the project.
The PM has a specific role to play and should focus his energies on the project. If, for instance, a person is designated the PM role in addition to being a functional manager, there will most probably be conflicting demands on their time and priorities.
Becoming a good project manager requires a number of specific skills. According to the Project Management Institute, there are three dimensions of project management competency:
|Knowledge – This refers to what the PM knows about project management.|
|Performance – This refers to the ability of the project manager to apply their project management knowledge to do or accomplish a project task.|
|Personal – This refers to the behavioral aspect of project management in performing a project related activity. A persons attitudes, character, and leadership style etc. determine his competency level – the capacity to drive the project team in the right direction while realizing project objectives and handling the project constraints.|
Although the role of the PM may change depending upon the size, type, and nature of the operation, the elementary skills needed are universal. The basic PM skills and disciplines can be applied to virtually any field. This isn’t to imply – “one size fits all”, due to the fact that projects by definition are unique. Having said that, project management as a skill is incredibly versatile and can be utilized in a wide array of applications.
Last but not least,to be a good project manager one must be a strong leader to effectively control the project. Being a leader means taking complete charge of the project.