Project Human Resource Management

What Is Project Human Resource Management?

According to the Project Management Institute, human resource management (HRM) consists of all the processes that assist a project manager in organizing, managing and leading the project team. Human Resource Management is all about “personnel management”. It is the planned strategic approach to managing an organization’s most valuable assets—the people involved with the different projects in order to achieve the various business objectives. By definition, HRM comprises of the processes involved in managing people to meet the needs of the organization.

Project Manager’s Role in Human Resource Management

When you put together any sort of a team, it is very likely that you’ll have some conflicts or at least a difference of opinion among some of the members. Now, this could actually turn out to be a good thing; for instance, if handled properly it can facilitate constructive alternatives, brainstorming, and an open-minded point of view. But it can also be distracting and counterproductive.

The success of any project depends to a great extent on the Project Manager’s ability to lead and bring individuals from different backgrounds together to build a team that is cohesive and productive. A Project Manager lives and dies by his team. As a Project Manager you are required to have great organizational and communication skills.

You need to be supportive of your team and keep them motivated towards the accomplishment of the project objectives. Keeping them working together to ensure that there are no distractions and confusion is an important role of a Project Manager. A project manager needs to:

  1. Fully understand the importance of the team.
  2. Identify the team members and other key stakeholders on the project.
  3. Chalk out the plan for HR and staffing.
  4. Negotiate for skilled resources on the team as required.
  5. Obtain funds, sufficient workspace and other necessary resources for the team.
  6. Be keenly aware of the strengths and weaknesses of each team member.
  7. Establish trust and confidence with the team.
  8. Review team performance from time to time and provide feedback to members.
  9. Acknowledge and reward good performers.
  10. Nurture the team through strong leadership and guidance, including mentoring, education and on-the-job training.

It is the duty of the Project Manager to effectively assemble, cultivate and manage the team. In order to be good at that, you need to be aware of the processes that will help you in your effort.

Project Human Resource Management Processes

According to the PMI the four Project HR management processes are:

  • Develop human resource plan: It involves the identification and documenting of project roles and responsibilities, required skills, organizational relationships, and creating a staffing plan. This is part of the Planning process group.
  • Acquire project team: This involves looking for the availability of the required human resources and assembling the team necessary to successfully complete the project. Its a part of the Executing process group.
  • Develop project team: This is about improving the team dynamics and the its competency to perform better as part of the overall project team. Its a part of the Executing process group.
  • Manage project team: It involves evaluating individual team member performance, providing feedback, managing and resolving conflicts, and managing changes to optimize the team’s performance. This is also a part of the Executing process group.